[9] Entering Middlesex County in Hopkinton, it has an interchange with I-495 at exit 106. This new highway would connect the Massachusetts Turnpike to the heart of the city with a 12.3-mile extension of the Interstate. Part of this was the elimination of the Turnpike Authority. [36] Motorists were previously charged $27.50 for the hardware itself,[36] although this fee has since been removed. Despite being completed in 1957, many within the Commonwealth quickly realized that the local routes used to get into Boston were still insufficient for the automotive traffic burdens placed upon them. He commissioned a study to produce a new Highway Master Plan for the eastern region, and by 1948 it had been completed. However, the construction of these roads took such a large portion of funds that the Commonwealth was unable to provide funds for the Western Expressway project. ma mass pike 90 massachusetts boston turnpike route 2001 eastbound ", "Sheraton over Mass Pike becomes a Crowne Plaza", "Tunnel Inspection and Testing Protocol For Roadways Covered by Air Rights Developments", "Project Over Turnpike Moves Closer to Reality", "Fenway Center could finally get going next year", "It's been 40 years since someone has built over the Mass. Real estate agents would not work with them. Romney wanted to fold the Turnpike into MassHighway, the state highway department, operated under the Executive Office of Transportation. ', "Exit 2.5 next right: Where could a new Massachusetts Turnpike exit go between Westfield and Lee? [46], When all-electronic tolling went live on the Mass Pike, the Tobin Bridge, Callahan Tunnel, Sumner Tunnel, and Ted Williams Tunnel joined the system and were converted to charging a single toll in both directions, rather than a double toll in one direction. This method of payment adds a $0.60 surcharge per invoice, with payment made online, or in cash at a local retail location. [8] Most toll plazas were located on the entrance/exit ramps before entering the turnpike itself. The Commonwealth sought to recover over $150million from project manager Bechtel/Parsons Brinckerhoff, builder Modern Continental Construction Co. and the manufacturer of the epoxy used to hold the ceiling bolts. However, the legislature instead sought to keep Amorello on board by extending the terms of various board members to prevent Romney from removing Amorello. [113], The "I-495/I-90 Interchange Improvements Project" is intended to realign exit 107 (former exit 11A) in Hopkinton, where the existing interchange (designed for the now-demolished toll plazas) is notoriously congested and accident-prone during rush hour and holiday travel times. [63], Adding to Callahan's numerous problems with those in opposition to the new roadway, the Prudential Life Insurance Company announced that it was in the process of acquiring the 32-acre Boston and Albany Tremont St. rail yard for the purpose of constructing a brand new building and associated complex to house its Northeastern American operations at about the same time as the Commonwealth's plan to bypass the Turnpike Authority was being announced. [34] While most toll plazas were located on the entrance/exit ramps by the turnpike, exceptions included the mainline toll plazas in West Stockbridge, Weston, and AllstonBrighton. The issue of the removal of the tolls is highly charged politically. Turnpike to Change Logo: Teacher, Class Get Arrow Out of Pilgrim's Hat", "Mass Turnpike Authority to be absorbed by new Mass Surface Trans Authority", "Many Massachusetts Highway Exit Numbers Could Soon Change", "Watchdog Report: No signs yet from state on exit-conversion launch", "Misc. [needs update][79][80][81][82], In addition to the exits opened during construction of the Boston Extension, two infill exits were opened between existing interchanges on the Western Turnpike. [124] In addition, MassDOT oversees the RMV, the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA), regional transit authorities, and the state aeronautics commission. These allegations included charges of financial kickbacks, bid rigging, and other questionable practices. However, before Callahan could oversee the completion of the southern leg of Route 128, he was appointed by Dever to run the newly formed Massachusetts Turnpike Authority. [83] Exit 94 (former exit 10A) in Millbury connects the turnpike to Route 146 and US 20 via the Route 20 Connector, which in turn facilitates movement between Worcester and Providence, Rhode Island; construction began in 1996 and was opened in 1998 before being completed in 1999. Utilizing the political goodwill he accrued during his tenure as public works commissioner, primarily through extensive patronage hires,[52] Callahan was able to push his idea for the new authority through the Statehouse with ease. "[119][120], Romney put pressure on Amorello to step down. The turnpike passes through Ludlow at exit 54 before crossing the Quaboag River to exit 63 in Palmer. [76] Finances for the Western Turnpike and the Boston Extension continue to be handled separately with this reorganization. The project initially was estimated to cost between $296413million, and the design phase expected to be 25-percent complete by 2020.

[78] On November 27, 2006, departing Attorney General Tom Reilly (Democrat) announced the state would launch a civil suit over the collapse of the ceiling in the Ted Williams Tunnel. However, the mainline right-of-way was constructed to allow future expansion of the roadway, with most bridges over the highway built with the eight-lane roadway in mind, so few bridges had to be rebuilt when it was widened in the late 1960s. [86] There are 23 parcels of air space over the highway, the majority of which have not been developed. Pike Electronic Tolling: What You Should Know", "Raytheon Awarded $130 Million to Convert Massachusetts to Electronic Highway Tolling System", "New Mass. [64][65], Logue was in many ways the equal to Callahan; a driven man who sought the power to get things done as the head of a semi-independent authority whose structure had been modeled on Callahan's Turnpike Authority. In the narrowest portion of the project, known as the "throat", the Charles River Bike Path will be put on a boardwalk over the river, and roadway shoulders will be narrowed by a collective four feet for a short length to avoid any permanent filling of the river. An exception was the mainline West Stockbridge toll plaza, designed for toll collection from inbound traffic from New York; it existed shortly after exit 3, an eastbound-only entrance and westbound-only exit in Massachusetts. For the entire length of the highway, see, Massachusetts Turnpike highlighted in green, Previous incarnation of the pilgrim hat, seen on a shield for the, Massachusetts Department of Transportation, depress Boston's Central Artery below ground level, List of structures built on top of freeways Massachusetts, Department of Conservation and Recreation, Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, "State Numbered Routes with Milepoints in District 4", "Open Road Toll Structure Now On Mass Pike In Weston", "Massachusetts Turnpike: Metropolitan Highway System", "Table 3: Interstate Routes in Each of the 50 States, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico", "Eisenhower Interstate Highway System, Previous Facts of the Day - 50th Anniversary - Interstate System", "Thruway connector's name spurs question", "Hilltown residents pushing for new Mass Pike exit", "Top 16 longest gaps between Interstate exits", "What Does This Beloved Road Sign on the Massachusetts Turnpike Actually Mean? This led to a corruption trial which threw a pall on his reputation that did not help with his drive to construct the Turnpike extension. [9] The turnpike crosses the Sudbury River between exit 111 at Route 9 and exit 117 at Route 30, all located within Framingham. The year 1968 saw the beginning of the first major expansion of the Turnpike after the completion of the Boston extension in 1965. The turnpike is the longest Interstate Highway in Massachusetts, while I-90 in full (which begins in Seattle, Washington) is the longest Interstate Highway in the United States. ", "MassDOT narrows possible sites for new Massachusetts Turnpike exit", "State must get Pike project right for Central Mass", "University Wins Land Auction With $151M Bid", "Land at a premium, railroad exploits its air space", "Harvard's Boston Real Estate Move Has Made It 'An Allston University With A Cambridge Campus', "Mass. In the November 9, 2006, edition of The Boston Globe, Romney announced his intention to try to remove the tolls before Governor-elect Deval Patrick, a Democrat, was inaugurated in January 2007, but this did not occur. Mitigation efforts would be of utmost importance in moving ahead with the project. ", "Yes, Those New Electronic Toll Gantries on the Mass. [102] The state conducted a study to determine the feasibility of such a project in 2018;[102] land occupied by a service plaza and a maintenance facility (both in Blandford) and Algerie Road in Otis have been suggested as locations for a potential exit. [16] Before being renumbered exit 123 in both directions, exit 14 was an eastbound exit and westbound entrance, and exit 15 was a westbound exit and eastbound entrance; prior to demolition, a mainline toll plaza existed for through traffic. The bill also gave Logue's BRA considerable powers over the redevelopment project, allowing him to rapidly move forward with permit approvals and tax issues. [18] The turnpike enters Suffolk County in Boston before reaching the "AllstonBrighton tolls", depositing traffic towards the Boston neighborhoods of Allston and Brighton, and the nearby city of Cambridge. [5] The turnpike is the longest Interstate Highway in Massachusetts,[6] while I-90 in full (which begins nationally in Seattle, Washington) is the longest Interstate Highway in the United States.

[30][41][42] Overhead gantries between most exits read E-ZPass transponders. Since 2001, the Turnpike Authority had come under fire from state politicians in a fight for control of the quasi-state agency. [109] The design phase was expected to be completed in 2019, and with a planned ground breaking in 2020. [64][69] The Turnpike-Prudential deal linked with the Logue and the BRA's new powers to move the project forward quickly quieted much of the remaining opposition to the new roadway, and cemented the idea of air right development as an integral part of the Turnpike moving forward. The Massachusetts Turnpike is informally divided into two sections by MassDOT: the original 123-mile (198km) "Western Turnpike" extending from the New York state border through the interchange with I-95 and Route 128 at exit 123 in Weston, and the 15-mile (24km) "Boston Extension" that continues beyond exit 123 through Boston. [18], As of 2009, toll revenue generated from the Massachusetts Turnpike is to be spent in the section in which it was collected, either the Western Turnpike or the Boston Extension (alternatively named the "Metropolitan Highway System" for administrative purposes). The main issue holding up the project was a lack of consensus over tax breaks Prudential was demanding in order to move forward with the project. Its assets were all transferred to the new MassDOT agency as part of the restructuring of agencies. [69][68] With the Turnpike-Prudential agreement in place, Logue was able to petition the General Court to once again authorize a land taking deal and tax-deferment bill, which was passed rather quickly and signed by then-Governor Foster Furcolo. [111][112] This significantly delayed the project, and as of January 2022, preliminary design is in progress, and modified project permits need to be obtained; construction is expected to start in 2023 and last for 610 years. One incarnation of the pilgrim hat shield had a Native American arrow sticking through the pilgrim hat. [23] Tolls from exit 3 (former exit 1) in West Stockbridge through exit 51 (former exit 6) in Chicopee were removed by then-Governor Bill Weld in 1996, following complaints that the tolls collected in Western Massachusetts were financing the Big Dig in Boston;[24] they were ultimately reinstated in October 2013. The state expects that the construction would begin in 2022 and run through 2026 at an estimated cost of approximately $296.4 million.[116]. Also, because the MTA Board is composed of Romney appointees, Kriss's former association with the Romney administration and the ongoing election at the time, the issue was clouded by accusations of partiality and political agendas from both sides of the aisle. The design is of a considerably smaller footprint than the existing configuration; this would facilitate the construction of the proposed West Station and the expansion of Harvard University on land where the existing viaduct is located. [51], It was instead Dever who initiated the program to implement the Highway Master Plan for the city shortly after taking office in 1949. [53][54], Because of the financial strain created by the bond issues used to construct these other highways, the Commonwealth was unable to afford the costs of floating more bonds to fund the expenditures required to construct the Western Expressway along the Western Approach corridor of Boston. [10], Exit 133 and the now-closed Clarendon Street on-ramp are located within the Prudential Tunnel, which takes the turnpike underneath the Prudential Center;[20] the former is an eastbound exit towards the Prudential Center and Copley Square, while the latter is a westbound-only entrance from Clarendon Street. [69], It was in the midst of these many legal problems that in April 1960 Prudential announced that continuation of their building project was contingent on direct highway access via a toll road along the Boston & Albany Rail Road right of way.

[129], The original logo depicted Paul Revere on horseback with the words "Massachusetts Turnpike Authority" in a circle around him. It was realized early on that the Commonwealth could not just lay waste to parts of the city and pave them over; the state would have to ensure that construction would balance the needs of the highways against the livability of the city and neighborhoods the project would pass through. [10] The 30-mile (48km) gap between exit 10 to US 20 in Lee and exit 41 to US 202 and Route 10 in Westfield (the first in Hampden County) is the longest gap between exits on the turnpike,[11] and the fifth-longest gap between exits in the entire Interstate Highway System. Salvucci deliberately planned to bring the East Boston Extension through areas with little or no occupancy or those properties already owned by the Commonwealth. The governor has the power to appoint members to the board, but the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (SJC) advised in an advisory opinion that "nothing in G. L. c. 81A explicitly provides for the removal and reassignment of the chairperson to the position of "member. The eastern terminus of the turnpike was originally at I-95 in Weston, it has been extended several times: to Allston in 1964, to the Central Artery (designated as I-93, US 1, and Route 3) in Downtown Boston in 1965, and to East Boston as a route to Logan International Airport in 2003 as part of the "Big Dig" megaproject. [14], After almost 50 miles of relative ruralness, I-90 has an interchange that leads to the separate routes of I-91 and US 5 at exit 45 in West Springfield;[9] it passes over the Connecticut River before reaching Route 33 at exit 49 and I-291 at exit 51, both in Chicopee. It was only after a series of meetings between Volpe, Callahan and Prudential executives that the governor was finally persuaded to withdraw the ICC filing and reluctantly support the toll road. Tolls are slightly higher for out-of-state residents without an E-ZPassMA transponder, and no-transponder tolls are higher. Pike Electronic Tolling: Will There Be Any Cost Savings from Eliminating Toll Plazas?

[107][108] The preliminary design plan called for the turnpike to be realigned at-grade and off of the existing viaduct, and for the adjacent Soldiers Field Road to be partially realigned onto a new viaduct above the turnpike and off of the existing at-grade roadbed. [101], The construction of an exit between exit 10 (former exit 2) in Lee and exit 41 (former exit 3) in Westfield, separated by a 30-mile (48km) gap, has been controversial since the 1960s. State law requires tolls to be removed west of Route 128 when its debt is paid and the road is in "good condition", but MassDOT plans to continue tolls after the bonds are paid off in January 2017, because the road will still need $135million per year for repairs and maintenance. [64][68], Adding to the problems associated with the Prudential project, during 1960 and 1961 there was a series of allegations made against Callahan claiming he had been engaging in illegal activities related to his second tenure as Public Works Commissioner. In response to a fatality caused by the collapse of the ceiling of the eastbound I-90 connector tunnel approaching the Ted Williams Tunnel on July 10, 2006, and in response to Turnpike Authority Chairman Matthew J. Amorello's refusal (at the time) to resign, Romney took legal steps to have Amorello forcibly removed as head of the Massachusetts Turnpike Authority. Its former maritime industries had closed as traffic in the harbor declined, the textile mills that had provided a large portion of the city's wealth had migrated out of the region seeking new locations that would allow them to maximize revenues, and property development had ground to a halt with virtually no new construction of any impact occurring since the beginning of the Great Depression. Pike", "Fast Lane transponders will be free, but users will see a new fee", "After Easter snafus, Pike puts toll taker layoffs on hold", "Fast Lane Transponders Are Now Fee Free", "Mass Pike prepares to phase out toll booths", "Massachusetts pulls out of the Fast Lane in favor of E-ZPass", "Turnpike users may get a free toll device", "Mass. [52] To oversee this undertaking, Dever brought in the former commissioner of the Massachusetts Department of Public Works, William F. Callahan, to once again head the agency he had helmed from 1934 to 1939. [84], Much of the air space ("air rights") over the Boston Extension has been leased to third parties for commercial development. The Massachusetts Turnpike Authority managed the Central Artery/Tunnel Project (the "Big Dig"), which rerouted the elevated Central Artery into the O'Neill Tunnel through downtown Boston, and extended the turnpike beyond its terminus at the Central Artery into the Ted Williams Tunnel and connected it to Route 1A beyond Logan International Airport. The new agency, the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT), operates all highways formerly under MassHighway and the Turnpike Authority as well as eight urban roadways formerly owned and maintained by the state Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR). Swift objected, saying such a delay was "fiscally irresponsible" and saying the two men "interfered with the effective daily management of the Authority. [4] Electronic toll collection was introduced as an alternative to cash payment with Fast Lane transponders in 1998; when installed in the inner windshield of a vehicle, the equipment would be recognized automatically in special lanes at toll plazas, and would withdraw the toll amount from the motorist's account. [71] By 1965 the Massachusetts Turnpike had been connected to the Central Artery, and the Prudential Center was on its way to completion; however, Callahan did not live to see this. [62], In the late 1950s, eminent domain takings for the Massachusetts Turnpike Extension into Boston devastated the historic African-American community named "The Village". [21] Exit 137 to Logan International Airport is the sole exit within the Ted Williams Tunnel, before the turnpike exits the tunnel and meets its eastern terminus at Route 1A northbound toward Revere. Romney continued to press the legislature to give him the power to remove members from the board, specifically the chairman, pointing to a series of financial and construction mishaps over the last several years. [25], At the recommendation of former secretary of administration and finance Eric Kriss, who recommended that tolls be eliminated along the entire turnpike except for the tunnels leading to Logan International Airport,[26] the Massachusetts Turnpike Authority voted to remove all tolls west of Route 128 in Weston in October 2006. A first step to this was to replace the chairman of the board, Matthew J. Amorello with someone loyal to the governor. [43][44] Installation of gantries began in January 2016, and open road tolling began on October 28, 2016. [18] Compensating for the sparsity of eastbound entrances and westbound exits in Back Bay and Downtown Boston, a westbound U-turn ramp heading eastbound was opened in Allston in 2007;[19] while unsigned with an exit number, it was recognized as exit 20A for administrative purposes. [12] The highest elevation on the turnpike exists in The Berkshires, reaching 1,724 feet (525m) above sea level in Becket; this point is also the highest elevation on I-90 east of South Dakota. [128] The authority received no state or federal government funding. [123], Under legislation signed into law by Gov. It is estimated that 50% left Newton as a result of the construction of the Mass Turnpike. [9] This multi-piece interchange is collectively referred to as the "Weston tolls". [77] This effort culminated in Amorello's resignation on August 15, 2006. [133], While Massachusetts has used sequential exit numbers since 1964,[134] the 2009 edition of the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices required that all U.S. states submit plans to transition to milepost-based exit numbering by 2012. Its revenues came from tolls, leases on air rights and service areas, and advertising. [4] Before being renumbered exit 131 in both directions, exit 18 was a left-hand eastbound exit and westbound entrance, and exit 20 was a westbound exit and eastbound entrance; a mainline toll plaza was previously placed in between them for through traffic, and was classified as "exit 19". The Massachusetts Turnpike (colloquially "Mass Pike" or "the Pike"[3]) is a toll highway in the U.S. state of Massachusetts that is maintained by the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT). Despite this agreement, Governor Volpe was still trying to nix the Turnpike's plans along the Boston and Albany right of way, filing the city of Newton's request with the ICC to stop the construction of the roadway. The Tobin Bridge was converted to all-electronic tolling for southbound only in July 2014. Pike in Allston, Soldiers Field Road are set for a major overhaul", "I-90 Allston Interchange Improvement Project Update", "At-Grade Option Recommended For Allston Megaproject", "State embraces all-at-grade Allston project", "Project background: I-495/I-90 interchange improvements", "Three designs for turnpike/495 interchange rise to the top", "State officials unveil preferred design for overhaul of I-495-Mass Pike interchange", "Jordan Levy & another vs. the Acting Governor & another", "Jordan Levy & another vs. the Acting Governor & another SJC-08730", "Request for Advisory Opinion, A-108 SJC-09461", "Budget amendment in Senate would let Amorello keep job", "Registry to close Framingham branch, 10 other locations", "Governor Patrick signs bill to dramatically reform transportation system", "Mass. Turnpike", "All-Electronic Tolling Begins Installation on Mass. The implementation and removal of tolls in some stretches of the turnpike have been controversial; travel between most, but not all, exits requires payment. Several members of the state Democratic Party declared this as a political maneuver to bolster the gubernatorial campaign of Lieutenant Governor Kerry Healey, a Republican, who was behind in the polls at the time of the announcement. [103], The "I-90 Allston Multimodal Project"[104] is a plan to replace a deteriorating viaduct in Allston by redeveloping the turnpike through the land of the former CSX Transportation's Beacon Park Rail yard, which is now owned by Harvard University,[105][106] along with improvements to the MBTA's Framingham/Worcester Line. The turnpike opened in 1957, and it was designated as part of the Interstate Highway System in 1959. The MTA will receive approximately $100million from the state general fund over the next few years, alleviating the need for the toll hike. [126][failed verification], The Turnpike Authority also owned the Callahan Tunnel and the Sumner Tunnel, the other two road connections between downtown Boston and East Boston under Boston Harbor. [121], Under a plan to save state funds, the Massachusetts Registry of Motor Vehicles (RMV) announced plans to close eleven of its branches in leased locations and move the operations into facilities owned by MassHighway and the Massachusetts Turnpike Authority located in toll plazas, visitor centers, and offices. ", "Pike board acts to end tolls west of Route 128", "Patrick Planning to Dismantle Mass. [39] The stated goal of the change was to "make vehicle travel safer and more efficient". [58], Complicating the matter, Callahan's planned extension route was not universally accepted by others within the state, such as newly elected Governor John A. Volpe and Newton Mayor Donald Gibbs, who sought to construct a freeway that would follow a different route between the Borders of Newton, Waltham and Watertown along the Charles River and U.S. Route 20 and be constructed using the funds now being provided by the Federal Highway Administration. [75], The notions of using existing rights of way or areas where neighborhood displacement would be minimized were applied to the second extension of the Turnpike as part of the CA/T project. [139], Toll road and Interstate Highway in Massachusetts, United States, "Interstate 90 in Massachusetts" redirects here. [114] As of 2018, MassDOT is examining three design proposals, which have raised the suggestions of separate northbound/southbound I-495 exits and the extension of acceleration lanes through exit 111 (former exit 12) in Framingham. This led to failed series of bond issues that critics hoped would prevent the Turnpike Authority from raising the needed funds for construction. [41], In addition to license plate information, the gantries also collect vehicle speed data; a MassDOT spokesperson said that the agency "will not be using the AET system to issue speeding violations". They had to rely on word of mouth to find a new home. [15] The Blackstone River flows underneath the turnpike in Millbury,[10] where it has an interchange with Highway 146 and a second direct connection to US 20 at exit 94. [40] Additional changes included the elimination of toll booth operators, as well as the demolition of existing toll plazas and reconfiguration of surrounding roadways. These three projects, totaling more than US$92 million (US$913 million in 2014, adjusted for inflation) were seen as being essential to the growth of the city in the future.
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