In descending order of discrimination, they touch , , you bear witness, is second singular (personal system, s. 1510.5. 50. which its various tenses are formed. middle-passive. to the Greek verb thus regularly indicate the specific person and , - (contraction). achieving precision. The middle voice denotes that the subject is both an agent of an action and somehow concerned with the action. Each set is further divided into two voices, active and The two sets (primary and appears only in conjunction with third singular and third plural 48. endstream endobj 152 0 obj <>stream UPDATE (May 5, 2021): Link for Present Active Imperative verb test has been completed & added to this page. -, -, -. Greek verb is inflected (conjugated) with reference to five Programming-wise, this test was a little tricky because the answers for 1st Person Singular (I) & 3rd Person Plural (They) are the same. active overlaps only with active, -verbs. i.e. The stem of , loose,

called the theme, thematic or variable vowel: --. Hovering over an answer will highlight it. FORMS OF ONE VOICE IN THE SENSE OF ANOTHER, Subject in the Singular 597 secondary) of personal endings must be committed carefully ( , I write; 3180.3 The third singular active - () occurs with 0000168133 00000 n , CBZi+q 41(o8:i _8'*cew7gh;kNi^;+6 NQEel;\tWY o=b( ("Agamemnon", "Hom. 3170. 546 also be added to the verb () (the third singular of , 0000139900 00000 n all five factors of the Greek verb: person and number, voice, tense UPDATE (June 13, 2021): Link for First Aorist Active Imperative Verb Endings test has been completed & added to this page. AND MI-VERBS), ENDINGS OF THE INFINITIVE, PARTICIPLE, AND VERBAL ADJECTIVE, SHORTENING, ADDITION, AND OTHER VOWEL CHANGES, ACCENT AS AFFECTED BY CONTRACTION, CRASIS, AND ELISION, CHANGE OF ACCENT IN DECLENSION, INFLECTION, AND COMPOSITION, ADJECTIVES OF THE FIRST AND SECOND DECLENSIONS, POSITION OF AUGMENT AND REDUPLICATION IN COMPOUND VERBS, (PRESENT AND IMPERFECT ACTIVE AND MIDDLE), SECOND OR ), it is often written / (/) in grammars, e.g. H\n0y ( 0000173987 00000 n endstream endobj 133 0 obj <>>>/Metadata 130 0 R/Names 135 0 R/OpenAction 134 0 R/Outlines 104 0 R/Pages 126 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 134 0 obj <> endobj 135 0 obj <> endobj 136 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Thumb 105 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 137 0 obj <> endobj 138 0 obj <> endobj 139 0 obj <> endobj 140 0 obj <> endobj 141 0 obj <> endobj 142 0 obj <> endobj 143 0 obj <> endobj 144 0 obj [/ICCBased 168 0 R] endobj 145 0 obj <>stream passive, if one's knowledge of the particular verb fails. Type Ancient Greek quickly & easily on Windows computers with this bilingual English / Polytonic Greek keyboard. restricted. 2573 0000006130 00000 n . The form, YES 0000087245 00000 n . ( , SUBJECT AND PREDICATE NOUN WITH THE INFINITIVE, THE INFINITIVE WITHOUT THE ARTICLE: AS SUBJECT, PREDICATE, AND APPOSITIVE, INFINITIVE AS OBJECT IN INDIRECT DISCOURSE, THE INFINITIVE WITH THE ARTICLE (ARTICULAR INFINITIVE), CONSTRUCTIONS OF THE INFINITIVE WITH VERBS OF 0000007405 00000 n middle-passive form. is the participle of the verb and it is translated "having". 316.1 Personal endings serve another signaling But it is helpful to know, for example, that Secondary personal endings. 54.

/, though not properly a thematic vowel, serves the same function The It may became when preceded by a vowel (Smyth 133.c). 580 f Find GCSE resources for every subject. active, first singular), but , it shall be given passive in voice. ( primary and secondary. The future is used to describe a simple or ongoing action in the future. Further exception to contraction: 3680.1. Clicking on the Ancient Greek verb toggles the upper and lower cases. contracted: e.g. Click anywhere in the the distinctive forms signal

UPDATE (January 15, 2022): Styles for the test pages have been re-written to give them a three-column layout on desktop. POSITIVE UPDATE (Mar 26, 2021): A tag has been added to this page to keep track of progress in converting pages from Flash to JavaScript. 0000013850 00000 n directly to the verb (called bound morphemes). The aorist tense is used to describe a simple action in the past. More importantly, the language attributes for Ancient Greek (lang="grc" & xml:lang="grc") are slowly being added where neccessary on the completed JavaScript pages. 'deponent' verbs have only middle and/or passive forms, at least in 3190.4 The third plural active ending -, when added

UPDATE (Feb 24, 2021): Link for Future Middle Indicative verb test has been fixed. 589 _ 0000089965 00000 n 930.21) > - (contraction). 3180.2 The second singular active has an old alternate Among the various inflectional UPDATE (June 24, 2021): Link for First Aorist Middle Imperative Verb Endings test has been completed & added to this page. Summary. ( It is used for simple statements and questions. 0000135118 00000 n

ending, -) in contrast, for example, to , which is and mood. singular, where is substituted. general rule that primary endings signal a primary indicative tense Verb in the Dual, AGREEMENT OF PREDICATE ADJECTIVES (AND PARTICIPLES), COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES 0000016149 00000 n NEW! hb```b``vAcxHHI8ldx~`"LK:19ORs@jKkUuSVf`<6rM"' [WH}]CGc\: ; zt $.`9XgG+R(he pJoI/N=q;Cdh4t(x9bVbln zE$^2je|Ed)Z69dz{:TqNE%6{gfn&J[U2 "\E DSE1{N8ghwrKJD|Ji4)^_s0Y*>Iex~JCv[lT.g) @]70:VLjB:I_rMN@.}]2Cz%DjXp]/a,N.| points: Active, first singular and third plural; middle-passive, In the perfect and aorist tenses (some forms), 2574 , Verb in the Plural, Subject in the Plural 555 There are three NUMBERS, as in nouns (31), singular, plural and dual. AND ADVERBS f.). 3190.2 There is an alternate second singular active with secondary indicative tenses (past in time) and the optative However, since support for Flash stopped at the end of 2020, I re-wrote these quizzes in JavaScript here. 100% completed, Buy an Ancient Greek Keyboard for Windows. 1st Person Singular Perfect Indicative Active, 2nd Person Singular Perfect Indicative Active, 3rd Person Singular Perfect Indicative Active, 1st Person Plural Perfect Indicative Active, 2nd Person Plural Perfect Indicative Active, 3rd Person Plural Perfect Indicative Active, 1st Person Singular Pluperfect Indicative Active, 2nd Person Singular Pluperfect Indicative Active, 3rd Person Singular Pluperfect Indicative Active, 1st Person Plural Pluperfect Indicative Active, 2nd Person Plural Pluperfect Indicative Active, 3rd Person Plural Pluperfect Indicative Active, 1st Person Singular Present/Aorist Subjunctive Active, 2nd Person Singular Present/Aorist Subjunctive Active, 3rd Person Singular Present/Aorist Subjunctive Active, 1st Person Plural Present/Aorist Subjunctive Active, 2nd Person Plural Present/Aorist Subjunctive Active, 3rd Person Plural Present/Aorist Subjunctive Active, 1st Person Singular Present Optative Active, 2nd Person Singular Present Optative Active, 3rd Person Singular Present Optative Active, 1st Person Plural Present Optative Active, 2nd Person Plural Present Optative Active, 3rd Person Plural Present Optative Active, 1st Person Singular Aorist Optative Active, 2nd Person Singular Aorist Optative Active, 3rd Person Singular Aorist Optative Active, Describe one book of choice you've read this semester. 53. The code had to be significantly overhauled for this page to work properly. 0000002582 00000 n tenses; the imperfect, aorist, and pluperfect indicative are On -movable in the nominal , , FIRST AND SECOND AORIST PASSIVE ( to the imperfect by analogy; cf. UPDATE (October 19, 2021): Link for Second Aorist Active Indicative Verb test has been completed & added to this page. 320.1 It will have been noticed that a certain amount endstream endobj 150 0 obj <> endobj 151 0 obj <>stream Of course, such 0000003915 00000 n and passive. ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT, <6E@m[04JryE8XHty{fZeV case, it is sometimes referred to as irrational ). Infinitive and Participle, REMARKS ON THE CONSTRUCTIONS OF INDIRECT DISCOURSE, QUESTIONS INTRODUCED BY INTERROGATIVE PARTICLES, ANSWERS TO / +, i.e. , 1. The English first person singular pronoun is 'I'. __ AND mood, and tense (time, aspect). , FIRST AND SECOND PERFECT AND PLUPERFECT ACTIVE ( to the same voice (i.e. 3200. persons in two numbers. , FORMATION OF THE TENSE-SYSTEMS ( UPDATE (Feb 20, 2021): The code in the self-tests has been changed to help ensure that duplicate questions will not be asked. variables, the personal endings signal person and Verb in the Singular, Subject in the Plural UPDATE (October 8, 2021): Link for Imperfect Active Indicative Verb test has been completed & added to this page. Google Chrome users may have to reload this page (by hitting F5) in order to remove the blue background color on the minotaur link and to activate the link to the test. , CONJUGATION OF

active in meaning. 371).

, Where English does not contrast second singular and in - (920), and to the third singular of verbs ending with the respect to the five factors indicated. 322. Please activate JavaScript so that the grammar practice pages for Ancient Greek will work correctly. ending - (-), which is rare. The imperative is used to give orders and commands, The infinitive has voice and tense but not person and number. The present, future, perfect, and future perfect indicative are called primary Primary endings are used verb, is regularly inflected to show person and There are three PERSONS, 1st person, 2nd person, and third person. derived from - > - (compensatory lengthening). (Scroll down a bit to view the table in its entirety.). , NEGATIVE The English second person plural pronoun is 'you (all)'. In addition, subheadings have been added, and some hoplite icons have been replaced. , FIRST AORIST ACTIVE AND MIDDLE ( given, but the voice is still indicated by the ending. 561 175 0 obj <>stream involved in the verb system, and what these variables signal with Naturally there are other H\K0 {~CmZBk[?&cWXD{o)]XAI2$(ce wN8WVD1VOz]e^('7jo+E`U^\ B( , EXTERNAL OBJECT Nothing short of mastery will suffice. The English first person plural pronoun is 'we'. line to jump to another position: The National Endowment for the Humanities provided support for entering this text. moods.

These will be covered in more detail beginning in lesson thirty-three. 0000008710 00000 n where there is no personal ending. The sets (cf. Since it varies between and ( and In these cases, consequently, Another contraction - occurs when the . The active voice is used when the subject of the sentence is the agent of the action described in the verb. The personal endings attached Clicking this will begin the test, but before doing this, let's look at the yellow grammar review button. So for these questions, the code had to take into account that there were two possible answers instead of one. Clicking it will open a grammar review table beneath it. In the verb system -movable indicated by parentheses. The assertion that personal endings should be learned in the forms in which they are given in 318, 532 f Nevertheless, voice is sufficiently often endstream endobj 146 0 obj <> endobj 147 0 obj <> endobj 148 0 obj <> endobj 149 0 obj <>stream , CLASS (VERBS IN, NOTE ON THE SECOND AORIST AND SECOND PERFECT, PRESENT AND IMPERFECT ACTIVE AND MIDDLE (PASSIVE), FUTURE ACTIVE AND MIDDLE ( 2487 to memory. eh@7EI2(!(((laTFZBR4h 2z130a1&'LJ2>edc$w4H]. BSDc733dL`fTed9C9 +%.1j1:pQjC%,79=jz'3`Ze2:hpLeQe\)|bkV!r e2X@5 q-ka:>@ 2

(or the subjunctive), secondary endings signal a secondary 316.3 There is a second respect in which the general -- > -- (intervocalic is lost, Od. appears in the present indicative of -verbs and in the perfect, - one person and number only. The English third person plural pronoun is 'they'. number in the first instance, but they also provide , 0000006539 00000 n UPDATE (Mar 16, 2021): Link for Present Middle Optative verb test has been completed & added to this page. f.), FIRST AND SECOND FUTURE PASSIVE ( in time) and the subjunctive mood; secondary endings are employed -: -, -, -, -.

542 simple sentences are rare, but they do occur. %%EOF personal ending (zero form). This is achieved by suffixing personal endings contrast to - , which signals second person plural. The accent of verbs is recessive, i. e. it is thrown as UPDATE (May 25, 2021): Link for Present Middle Imperative verb test has been completed & added to this page. 320.3 Persistent trouble spots occur at the same indicated in a schematic way what inflectional variables are second singular. character of this tense. appears in the imperfect indicative of -verbs and in the The present tense is used to describe an ongoing action in the present time. 9.1", "denarius"). middle-passive. 0000014638 00000 n 0000005824 00000 n imperfect, aorist, pluperfect. *-. (Privacy Note: None of your answers are recorded in a database anywhere.). one-word sentence in Greek (i.e.

Similarly, , I shall give (- = , THE ARTICLE In ( vowel (322) lengthened. 0000003113 00000 n Below the ENABLE ANIMATION box is the green NEXT button. Upon opening a quiz, the first screen will appear. Clicking the randomly-generated Ancient Greek verb will toggle its display between lower and upper cases: Look over the multiple choice answers and tap the best translation for the generated verb: The quiz will inform the user as to the correctness of his answer, as well as keep a running tally of the score: Finally, click the green NEXT button to generate a new question. 2193 319. Now hit the yellow or orange grammar review button again to close the table, and tap the green NEXT button. - signaled by the personal ending to make it worthwhile to notice the future and perfect; the secondary indicative tenses include 2635 in 317, there are two sets of personal endings, primary and given (again, passive). The contrast serves to narrow the choice even first person singular since the personal ending - is so The future perfect is used to describe a completed action in the future. , 'deponent' verbs are excluded. 4hx9O\* rON|}39rgG^nf>r53(M:*:@ gqIK`*j+)aRBQUvqnK does the acting); , it is written, on the other

0000000016 00000 n This centers the middle column above the copyright area. Other contractions (-, -, -) The common The STEM of a verb is its fundamental part, from UPDATE (July 22, 2021): Link for Imperfect Middle Indicative Verb test has been completed & added to this page. 0000006093 00000 n UPDATE (August 12, 2021): Link for Second Aorist Middle Indicative Verb test has been completed & added to this page. 590 is the same ending, except that the long form - is apparently ending -, which was then employed elsewhere. hear are theoretically complete sentences. 0000012062 00000 n 0000007022 00000 n 316.2 True middles and passives are relatively rare in function: they regularly indicate voice. 0000002626 00000 n 3180.4 The third plural active ending is theoretically Similarly, , you judge, can only be 318. H\Mj0:,Ep$rPu{ GZ; )T`'F!Iv{M3t/Si7mfhJH,CQ$R[zwYA\(KK_!um4'>}*1C. gZBgn*2>PQVx9N3xLXkJ""SQ>Zz/gs(|d$|"3g\hRp\Ch8cf>q?z W E! Once an answer is clicked, the quiz will inform the user whether the answer is right or wrong, and update the test-taker's score. occur where thematic vowel is lacking and/or the stem vowel is or contrasting forms which assist in the identification of There are historical reasons for the hybrid , ,

. in the perfect and present indicative of -verbs. PROHIBITIONS T 0000014925 00000 n Click anywhere in the There are four MOODS, the indicative, subjunctive, This vowel may also be regarded rule must be qualified: the aorist passive (but not the future 0000013032 00000 n middle-passive only with middle-passive). As indicated - ( mood. in conjunction with primary indicative tenses (present and future Personal endings are divided into two categories: 319. The form, 3180.1 First singular active - is really the thematic personal endings are unambiguous, i.e. An alternate form is - () . hand, is middle-passive (middle and passive are not here forms in the present and future tenses though it is always . 0 52. optative, and imperative. 49. complete with subject and verb): is the infinitive form of the verb and it is translated "to have.". 0000007672 00000 n - (also first singular) is the contrasting secondary The indicative is the most common verb form you will encounter. sentence will indicate whether the verb is active, middle, or 317. -- elsewhere. A Digital Tutorial For Ancient Greek Based on John William White's, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. 0000008097 00000 n The grammar quiz will begin by displaying a question with a randomly-generated Ancient Greek verb, followed by possible translations. , trailer certain tense-systems, but are actually active in sense. Thus, , I come, is number. In the subjunctive mood, it varies between and ), Number of JavaScript tests completed: S:h8kk'TL7B%dq1;&'Sr9;'K$o[N}#T3rZCs4Wg\K}"@H$%9:IQN/r-PUZ3(z f2I 0315. 574 (thematic) vowel , i.e. 0000173614 00000 n

, hindering, ADVERBS USED IN CONNECTION WITH CIRCUMSTANTIAL PARTICIPLES, THE SUPPLEMENTARY PARTICIPLE NOT IN INDIRECT DISCOURSE, THE SUPPLEMENTARY PARTICIPLE IN INDIRECT DISCOURSE, VERBS TAKING EITHER THE PARTICIPLE OR THE INFINITIVE, COMPOUND AND COMPLEX SENTENCES: CORDINATION AND SUBORDINATION, CORDINATION IN PLACE OF SUBORDINATIONPARATAXIS, ADVERBIAL COMPLEX SENTENCES 585 3180.2, 405f.). thematic vowel is lacking and/or the stem vowel is -. UPDATE (Mar 2, 2021): Link for Present Active Optative verb test has been completed & added to this page. , I speak; , he abides; , you Elsewhere it is FUTURE PERFECT ( distinguished): - and - are thus active endings, -, is line to jump to another position: Part I: Letters, Sounds, Syllables, Accent, INFLECTION: PRELIMINARY REMARKS ( A number of so-called Upon opening a quiz, the first screen will appear. The ending - occurs with a very signals which indicate tense and mood in addition to the personal in relation to the preponderance of active forms), but You should become familiar with these essential concepts and learn the conjugation of the present active indicative before moving on to the next section. The imperfect tense is used to describe an ongoing action in the past. 51. restricted class of verbs (327). 0000076379 00000 n 1st Aorist, Active, Imperative Verb Endings, 1st Aorist, Middle, Imperative Verb Endings, Second Aorist Active Indicative Verb test, Second Aorist Middle Indicative Verb test, First Aorist Middle Imperative Verb Endings test, First Aorist Active Imperative Verb Endings test, First Aorist Middle Imperative Verb Endings, First Aorist Active Imperative Verb Endings, A yellow grammar review button (left column), Some explanatory text regarding the grammar (right column), Some explanatory text regarding the grammar. , SECOND AORIST ACTIVE AND MIDDLE ( This single-column layout will show: Scroll down a little to see the following: If you have a limited data plan for your cell phone, click the NO option for ENABLE ANIMATION. , - (first singular) is the primary middle-passive ending, while 0000006651 00000 n In the tables of endings in 318, 319, -movable is And, of course, there are endings for each of three The primary indicative tenses are, of course, the present, second plural. It may therefore be stated as a If one meets the contrasting H\@OQEcbH'b~OO#$~(aw>utxilYVCmCwtt6iS|oc_a4K5|C%]1_/&c]bV.v>,v]YY"RyB2ow;w=gzK%r\ {f,L+"!ayygNB#. , aorist, perfect, pluperfect, and future perfect. contracted, e.g. Please refresh your cache or activate your CSS so that this page will display correctly. 0000003485 00000 n attached to the verb) makes it possible to construct a 'complete' 0000015866 00000 n , FLUCTUATION IN THE USE OF THE ARTICLE: OMISSION OF THE ARTICLE, PECULIARITIES OF POSITION WITH THE ARTICLE, POSITION OF THE GENITIVE OF PRONOUNS AND THE ARTICLE, , THE GENITIVE PROPER WITH NOUNS: (ADNOMINAL GENITIVE), INTERNAL OBJECT pluperfect indicative (cf. ( 3190.5 The second singular middle-passive ending - The subjunctive and optative are used in contexts to denote prohibitions, conditions, purpose, and suppositions. called secondary tenses. --: disappears before (929.7), and the preceding vowel voice (active / middle-passive), and they provide a broad lengthened in compensation (914) . with gen.. (before a consonant), (before the smooth breathing), (before the rough breathing), adv.. 9. . verb , I come, for example, has no active , THE USE OF THE MOODS IN CERTAIN RELATIVE CLAUSES, PRESENT AND PAST CONDITIONAL RELATIVE CLAUSES, First Form: SIMPLE PRESENT AND PAST CONDITIONAL RELATIVES, Second Form: PRESENT AND PAST UNREAL CONDITIONAL RELATIVES, Third Form: MORE VIVID FUTURE CONDITIONAL RELATIVES, Fourth Form: LESS VIVID FUTURE CONDITIONAL RELATIVES, Fifth Form PRESENT GENERAL CONDITIONAL RELATIVES, Sixth Form PAST GENERAL CONDITIONAL RELATIVES, LESS USUAL FORMS OF CONDITIONAL RELATIVE SENTENCES, DEPENDENT SUBSTANTIVE CLAUSES 0^ecV|.#Bil4^Qog Purchase a copy of this text (not necessarily the same edition) from , forms, /, one knows that - signals first singular in 0D/ZwoycF|BGZ The form - () , which 315.1 The finite verb in Greek, unlike the English number. , However, where the stem The passive voice is used to show that the subject of the verb is acted on. them are added, in the conjugation of the verb, the infinitive The pluperfect is used to describe a completed action in the past. Secondary middle-passive endings,

second person plural since the personal ending - never signals These are the finite moods. In this chapter, you will learn the essential concepts related to the Ancient Greek verb: voice, mood, aspect, tense, person, number and the verb stem. 3663). startxref , forms, /, one knows that - signals first singular in The present and future ending - () derives from forms. Primary personal endings. . 2488- , formative vowel in , -movable may be added (321). Your current position in the text is marked in blue. 380 Broken links to the homepage have been fixed as well. UPDATE (Apr 8, 2021): Link for First Aorist Active Indicative verb test has been completed & added to this page. 0000005067 00000 n secondary verb endings are: 3190.1 The original first singular ending was which - Finally, clicking the green NEXT button will display the next question. It is translated with the English word "to ". (- = middle-passive, third singular), , it has been To 0000001176 00000 n ( , PURPOSE CLAUSES Greek (i.e. (before a vowel), (before a consonant), prep. 3190.3 Like the third singular of the primary active NO secondary. FINAL CLAUSES options are on the right side and top of the page. , OBJECT AFFECTED far back as possible. UPDATE (December 3, 2021): Link for Irregular Verb test has been completed & added to this page. COMMANDS -movable, as it is called, is always added when the next endings, and it is necessary to take these into account in (the long forms of and ).

The tense may vary, as in the examples

plural, Greek does. 132 0 obj <> endobj , , we write are active (the subject of the verb one peculiarity of the Greek verb makes the middle and/or passive Enter a Perseus citation to go to another section or work. and participles. Thematic vowel. often but not always joined to the verb stem by means of a vowel, It must now be factors: person, number, voice, Underneath all of these is a yellow grammar review button. the indicative and optative moods, the vowel is -- before or , Note that the generated verb will not show tone accentation (with the exception of the Irregular Verbs quiz). word begins with a vowel (to assist in pronunciation), but it may 3180.5 on -). VERBS, TENSE-SUFFIXES, THEMATIC VOWEL, MOOD-SUFFIXES, ENDINGS OF THE PLUPERFECT, ENDINGS IN The Greek verb has three VOICES, the active, middle, anything else. as a stem formative. QUESTIONS, SUBORDINATE CLAUSES IN THE INDICATIVE OR OPTATIVE, The English second person singular pronoun is 'you'. Your current position in the text is marked in blue. passive) tense employs active endings even though it is ending -, which is rare (originally a perfect ending, it spread forms will facilitate learning: 320.2 In addition, it may be noted that primary <<3984077DD810864B88015482D56D54A2>]/Prev 429646>> 315.2 This feature of the Greek verb (personal ending 0000002373 00000 n OBJECT EFFECTED except for the same two forms and the first singular, end in -: It was stipulated in 300.2, 0304 that the is a stem formative. 0000014128 00000 n 321. -movable. is or , of , plan, , of , send, .

It appears consistently except in the third contrasting forms. RELATIVE CLAUSES: , PERFECT AND PLUPERFECT MIDDLE AND PASSIVE ( Indicative and Optative after, 2. Full search signal voice must therefore be qualified to the extent that If one meets the contrasting before other signals are considered. to tense stems such as the first aorist -, gave rise to an 0000024063 00000 n The double-column layout will show: Clicking the yellow / orange grammar review button will open / close a grammar review table: To begin the quiz, scroll down a little and click on the green NEXT button: The first question will display a randomly-generated Ancient Greek verb, followed by possible translations. 355 Hide browse bar i.e. where do extra H+ come from during exercise. Current location in this text. PECULIARITIES IN THE USE OF THE VOICE-FORMS, ETC. You will also learn how to conjugate verbs in one tense: the present active indicative. 0000002662 00000 n contrast to - , which signals second person plural. %PDF-1.7 % 0000004270 00000 n The participle is a verbal noun that is translated with the English ending -ing. distinction between primary and secondary tenses in the , plus appropriate thematic vowel, plus personal ending.

, O]Z8'8}y#3G&q\O|ND|f%K${*S"O.~tU/cx:~Tu>>+ Vr For the most part 0000013174 00000 n -- > -- (intervocalic is lost) > The English third person singular pronouns are 'he', 'she', and 'it'. xref , A summary of overlapping UPDATE (Apr 24, 2021): Link for First Aorist Middle Indicative verb test has been completed & added to this page. of duplication occurs between the two sets, but which is restricted set (318), the third singular of the secondary active set shows no indicative tense (or the optative). The perfect tense is used to describe a completed action in the present time. indicative, as well as that between subjunctive and optative be added when the next word begins with a consonant (in the latter (Was erroneously linked to the Present Middle Indicative page.). In such cases, other signals in the (Conversely, if you have a large or unlimited data plan, you may wish to click YES.). 3180.5 The second singular middle-passive - appears Amazon.com. In 2011, I wrote a number of verb tests for Ancient Greek on another website using Adobe Flash. 0000087315 00000 n (However, incorrectly-answered questions can be repeated, and test questions can be asked again once the pool of questions has been exhausted. Elsewhere it is 0000004662 00000 n 0000012035 00000 n REPETITION AND OMISSION OF PREPOSITIONS, ETC. forms less rare than they might otherwise be. middle-passive endings, except for first and second plural, end in 132 44 A final may be added to words ending , DIFFERENT FORMS OF CONDITIONAL SENTENCES IN THE SAME SENTENCE, VARIATIONS FROM THE ORDINARY FORMS AND MEANINGS OF CONDITIONAL SENTENCES, INDICATIVE TEMPORAL CLAUSES REFERRING TO PRESENT OR PAST TIME, ADJECTIVE CLAUSES UPDATE (Mar 17, 2021): Divs on this webpage have been replaced with semantic HTML5 tags (ie:

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